This post explains how to send custom desktop notifications in GNU/Linux. These commands were tested on Ubuntu 16.04.
The command to use is
notify-send followed by a title and optional body.
notify-send 'The Title' 'The Body'
It looks something like this on my computer:
The command can accept options too.
You can show an icon in the notification. On Ubuntu 16.04, the icons come from
Try these examples to see how it works:
notify-send -i filesaveas 'File saved' 'kitten.gif was saved to ~/Downloads' notify-send -i call-start 'Incoming Call' 'Alice is calling' # note the backticks below which output the current date notify-send -i weather-few-clouds 'Weather Report' "It's partly cloudy on `date`"
You can use custom icons like this:
notify-send -i ~/Pictures/kitten.jpg 'Incoming Kitten' 'meow'
It looks like this:
The source image in that screenshot was 100x100 pixels.
The order of the notifications can be set with the
Here are some examples:
notify-send -u 'normal' 'Message' '1: normal urgency message' notify-send -u 'low' 'Message' '2: low urgency message' notify-send -u 'critical' 'Message' '3: critical urgency message'
If you paste all three lines into a terminal at once, message #3 will show before message #2 because of the
The man page says that “Ubuntu’s Notify OSD and GNOME Shell both ignore this parameter”, but the
-t option should otherwise set the notification time in milliseconds.
You can type
man notify-send for a couple more options.